Johann Georg Heck (1795 in Strasbourg - 20th November 1857 in Leipzig)
, was a German bookseller and publisher, lithographer , cartographer , geographer and author. He became known through his work illustrated atlas for Conversations lexicon. Iconographic Encyclopaedia of Sciences and Arts , in addition to Meyer's universe is one of the largest German view works of the 19th century.Life and work
Heck was born as son of Johann Georg Heck senior and his wife Maria Salome Höger in Strasbourg. After retiring as head of the lithographic department of the publisher Bartholomäus Herder founded Freiburg Art Institute in 1828, he was in 1830 as an employee of a German-French bookshop in Paris operates. In 1833 he became managing director of the newly opened Paris branch of the publisher Herder & Co. , which was up to the task 1840th In November 1834 he married Johanna Herder (1803-1887), the daughter of Bartholomä Herder.
1830 appeared the work Atlas géographique, historique et astronomique servant à l'intelligence de l'histoire ancienne, du moyen âge et moderne et à la lecture des voyages les plus recens , 1838 he published with Léon Plée the Atlas des familles. La France géographique, industrial et historique .
In 1844 he began his ten-part work illustrated atlas for Conversations lexicon. Iconographic Encyclopaedia of Sciences and Arts , the 1849-1851 in the Leipzig branch of the publishing house FA Brockhaus complement the Conversations-Lexicon or encyclopedic Handwörterbuch for formed articles appeared. The 500 panels were placed Stahlstich made, the work consists of more than 12,000 pictures. In the first part he focused on mathematics and science and publications include the first scientific description to the dagger pigeon ( Gallicolumba ), which he described as Blutfleckige pigeons ( Gallicolumba cruenta  , today Gallicolumba luzonica ). In the second part we were concerned with geography, the third with history and ethnology, the fourth with contemporary history, the fifth with war, the sixth with shipbuilding and sea, the seventh with the history of architecture Religion and worship, the ninth to the fine arts, and the tenth to the business sciences (technology). 1851 was Spencer Fullerton Baird entitled Iconographic Encyclopedia of Science, Literature and Art an English edition out in four volumes in the United States.